As a US Grand Jury indicts five Chinese army officers for economic cyber-espionage, Russia’s President Putin arrives in Shanghai describing China as Russia’s ‘reliable’ friend. Each government faces further confrontation with Washington over the South China Sea and Ukraine, so there will be initiatives to increase bilateral and military ties with joint naval excercises. The last time Moscow and Beijing attempted a serious strategic pact, Mao Tse-tung was personally snubbed by Joseph Stalin, felt conned into the Korean War and a threatening anti-Western alliance fell apart. Now both governments are more mature. If Vladimir Putin gives China more face and Xi Jinping excercises his country’s pragmatic instincts to the full, then America may face a formidable wall of opposition.