When democratic mechanisms fail, governments now are challenged by two separate forces. One is violent insurgency such as in Nigeria, Iraq and Syria. The other is the protest of the city square such as in Turkey, Thailand and Venezuela. There is some overlap and most recently the city square has been the more effective. In the case of Ukraine and Egypt, Western democracies even backed protesters against legitimately elected leaders. The result is that if the forces of opposition have enough muscle, boots on the ground and firepower, no elected government can now feel safe, The one to watch now may be India, swathes of which are already under the control of a violent insurgency. Its lack-lustre record on human rights abuse, poverty, corruption and equality may well trip a nerve that brings millions into city squares to claim a voice of injustice that will shake the world.